Blood pressure readings are normally given as the higher (systolic) pressure “over” the lower (diastolic) pressure, sometimes written like 120/80. Normal blood pressure is around 120 over 80. The American Heart Association says that a blood pressure reading of 130 over 80 is the start of high blood pressure or hypertension.
Causes of High Blood Pressure
The The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure provides many risk factors for hypertension. These include:
- Sleep apnea
- Too much sodium
- Chronic kidney disease
- Inappropriate combination of drugs
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
- Chronic steroid therapy
- Illegal drugs such as cocaine and amphetamines
- Oral contraceptives
- Selected over-the-counter dietary supplements and medicines
- Unhealthy lifestyles: lack of exercise, poor diet
Add to these, anxiety and depression. A paper, Are Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression Risk Factors for Hypertension? published in the Archives of Family Medicine, described a study of 2992 white and black men and women to determine if anxiety and depression were predictors of hypertension. They found that anxiety or depression were risk factors for hypertension.
Dangers of High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure causes the heart to work harder and places undue stress on your blood vessels and other organs in your body. The CDC indicates that about 79 million people (29% of the population) suffer from hypertension. Prolonged (unmanaged) hypertension or high blood pressure can lead to heart attack, hardening of the arteries or atherosclerosis, arterial disease, damage to the retina in the eyes, kidney disease, stroke and other diseases.
The The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure gives us some facts about blood pressure we all should know.
This report indicates that starting at a blood pressure of 115/75, your risk of cardiovascular disease doubles with every 20/10 increase in blood pressure.
Managing High Blood Pressure
If your blood pressure is 140/90 or higher, the The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure recommends that doctors prescribe several medications. This include Thiazide-type diuretics as well as an ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitor, beta-blocker, ARB (angiotensin-receptor blocker), CCB ( calcium channel blocker), or a combination of these drugs.
In addition to drugs, changing your diet can also be helpful.
One such diet is the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet. Published in the Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine, this diet emphasized fruits, vegetables, complex carbohydrates and low fat dairy products.
For more about how you can reverse high blood pressure oor hypertension, check out The High Blood Pressure Remedy Report. Learn what bananas have to do with high blood pressure!
Make changes today that can reduce or eliminate high blood pressure and provide you with a long, healthy, vigorous life.