Diabetes: Medical Evidence Shows You Can Reverse Type 2 Diabetes

The American Diabetes Association in it’s Living With Diabetes page indicates: “There is no cure for diabetes, but it can be managed. Balancing the food you eat with exercise and medicine (if prescribed) will help you control your weight and can keep your blood glucose in the healthy range.”

But, is this still true today?

Type 2 Diabetes Medical Condition

Type 2 diabetes is characterized by high blood glucose levels that are not managed by normal insulin production, storage and secretion by beta cells in your pancreases. Eventually the beta cells fail to function and injections of insulin must be taken. Other cells in your body also become insulin resistant and do not easily allow glucose to enter when normal amounts on insulin are present.

Beta cell function declines over time and after about 10 years, more than half the people affected require insulin injection.

This medical condition is diagnosed by several tests. Glucose levels are measured by testing blood A1C levels (for long term blood glucose levels), fasting blood glucose level, and an oral glucose tolerance test (a 2 hour test to see how your body responds to oral glucose).

diabetic photoIf your body is unable to properly regulate glucose levels you have diabetes. You will often need to monitor your glucose levels by doing random glucose tests during the day to check for your need for medication or injected insulin.

This medical condition can lead to further undesirable consequences. Primarily, blood vessels become damaged in the eyes, kidneys, heart, brain and legs. This doubles the risk of heart disease and stroke. It can require amputation of feet and legs. Cuts and blisters do not heal properly.

Type 2 Diabetes Cure: Ending Your Medical Condition

A cure is a substance or procedure that ends a medical condition.

So, are there ways to restore the function of your pancreatic beta cells and eliminate insulin resistance so your pancreatic insulin correctly manages blood glucose levels?

The answer is clearly: YES!

Bariatric Surgery

Bariatric surgeryy normalizes A1C levels in more than 80% of patients, and many patients can stop taking diabetes medication, including insulin injections. Bariatric surgery effectively reduces the amount of food you can eat and drastically cuts calorie absorption. For many people, the return to normal blood glucose levels is sudden, within days or weeks–long before any significant weight loss.

Calorie Restriction

An article in Diabetologia, Reversal of type 2 diabetes: normalisation of beta cell function in association with decreased pancreas and liver triacylglycerol, clearly shows that both beta cell function and insulin resistance can be reversed with a low calorie diet.

The study tested whether the rapid bariatric effect could be due to the sudden decrease in calories. The researchers used 11 people with type 2 diabetes who had an average BMI of 33.6.

They were put on a 600 calorie per day diet. The diet was mainly a liquid diet consisting of Optifast and Nestle Nutrition along with three servings of non-starchy vegetables. This amounted to around 600 calories per day.

After the first week fasting blood glucose levels became normal, glucose levels in the liver improved, and insulin response improved to near normal levels.

After 8 weeks insulin response became better than “normal.”

In other words, the participants in this research study no longer had the medical condition known as type 2 diabetes.

The researchers concluded: “This study demonstrates that the twin defects of beta cell failure and insulin resistance that underlie type 2 diabetes can be reversed by acute negative energy balance alone.”

Carbohydrate Restriction

Dr. Sarah Hallberg provides compelling evidence that type 2 diabetes can be reversed, and the solution is simpler than you might think.

Dr. Sarah Hallberg is the Medical Director of the Medically Supervised Weight Loss Program at IU Health Arnett, a program she created. She is board certified in both obesity medicine and internal medicine and has a Master’s Degree in Exercise Physiology. She has recently created what is only the second non-surgical weight loss rotation in the country for medical students. Her program has consistently exceeded national benchmarks for weight loss, and has been highly successful in reversing diabetes and other metabolic diseases. Dr. Hallberg is also the co-author of www.fitteru.us, a blog about health and wellness.

B.S., Kinesiology & Exercise Science, Illinois State University, 1994

M.S., Kinesiology & Exercise Science, Illinois State University, 1996

M.D., Des Moines University, 2002

This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community.

Type 2 Diabetes Cured But Not Forever

Type 2 diabetes is a medical condition brought on by a diet rich in refined carbohydrates and a low fiber diet. This means, for example, beet sugar without the fiber of the beet, cane sugar without the fiber of the cane, and corn sweeteners without the fiber in the corn.

Refined sugars quickly enter your blood stream and cause insulin levels to rise rapidly. This stresses your entire body. And such a diet will inevitably lead to the medical conditions identified as type 2 diabetes.

Even though you can restore proper function to your body, the stress of too much refined sugar can bring back your diabetes.

To remain cured of type 2 diabetes you must adopt a healthy lifestyle that consists of consuming real foods with little or no processing and getting healthy exercise.

Yes, type 2 diabetes can be cured. But, you must maintain a healthy lifestyle to keep it from returning.

Does EMS Muscle Stimulation Actually Work?

Whether you are an athlete or someone recovering from an injury, Electrical Muscle Stimulation (EMS) can help build muscle strength and help prevent muscle atrophy.

Wondering if this can help you? Let’s take a look as some of the evidence from scientific studies.

Good for Non-Exercisers

office worker photo

Photo by Tayloright

If you are like most people, you don’t exercise enough. And, you may think that muscle building resistance type training is for the “lunks” doing squats and deadlifts in the gym. But, you need to know that after about age 35 your muscles start to shrink or atrophy if you don’t exercise them with enough resistance and stress. Muscle fibers can be replace by fat cells so for a long time you don’t even realize that you are losing muscle.

The article Prolonged electrical muscle stimulation exercise improves strength and aerobic capacity in healthy sedentary adults in the Journal of Applied Physiology described an experiment that showed the effectiveness of EMS for the average non-exercising person. It showed that you can now overcome muscle loss and retain a shapely physique.

The study looked at 15 healthy but sedentary men and women. They went through 20 hour-long electronic muscle stimulation sessions that exercised their large leg muscles without stressing their joints. The EMS signals stimulated the muscles to contract, similar to shivering. This exercised the muscles and increased the need for oxygen which had a physiological effect similar to exercise.

The results were amazing. The utilization of oxygen (peak VO2) improved, they could walk longer distances, and their quadriceps strength increased. These normally sedentary men and women improved their cardiovascular fitness and muscle strength while remaining sedentary with the help of electrical muscle stimulation.

The article concludes by indicating that electrical muscle stimulation could also be suitable for individuals suffering from joint discomfort such as arthritis where exercise, and even walking was painful.

Is Electrical Muscle Stimulation As Effective as Exercise?

An article, Muscle Strength and Its Development New Perspectives, in the journal Sports Medicine reviews a number of EMS studies. It indicates that “The general conclusion to emerge from these studies is that the strength gains associated with electro-myostimulation procedures are similar to, but not greater than, those that can be achieved with normal voluntary training.’

A wide range of pulse frequencies have been shown to produce favorable results in increasing muscle strength using electrical muscle stimulation. The article Muscular Strength Development by Electrical Stimulation in Healthy Individuals in the journal Physical Therapy indicates that frequencies from 33 to 200 pulses per second have been proven effective.

Different pulse rates affect the body in unique ways. For example:

  • Around 9 pulses per second increase blood flow to the area and helps in recovery after exercise
  • Between 10 and 20 pluses per second the body’s slow twitch muscle fibers are activated which help endurance
  • Between 50 to 70 pulses per second both slow and fast twitch muscle fibers are activated for resistance and muscle building
  • Between 75 to 100 pulses per second only the fast twitch fibers are activated for building strength
  • Between 100 and 120 pulses per second the body’s very fast twitch fibers are activated for explosive strength

You can learn more about how the different pulse frequencies affect different muscle types from the following video.

How Compex Muscle Stimulators Work

A great video on how Compex Muscle Stimulators work by using EMS (electronic muscle stimulation) to increase strength and muscle development, improve recovery and allow you to train not only harder, but smarter.

Video Rating: / 5

EMS Good at Preventing Muscle Loss

EMS can also be helpful to prevent muscle loss in individuals who cannot exercise because of injury or illness. The article Electrical muscle stimulation preserves the muscle mass of critically ill patients: a randomized study in the journal Critical Care indicates that critically ill patients who cannot exercise can reduce muscle atrophy by use of electrical muscle stimulation.

Details of the Compex Sport Elite Muscle Stimulator

Learn more about how the Compex Sport Elite Muscle Stimulator work with this video:

The Sport Elite is the muscle stimulator model recommended for the competitive/high performance athlete who has a rigorous training and exercise regimen. It features a total of 9 programs, and 5 levels of progression will keep elite athletes challenged with every training session, resulting in a true competitive advantage!

COMPEX SPORT ELITE HAS 9 TRAINING PROGRAMS:

-ENDURANCE PROGRAM
Helps you cope with long-duration aerobic activities and increases muscle resistance to fatigue by building slow-twitch muscle fibers

-RESISTANCE PROGRAM
An all-around program for endurance and strength, building both slow-twitch and fast-twitch muscle fibers

-STRENGTH PROGRAM
Increases sheer muscle strength better than conventional weight lifting alone, with less risk of muscle-tendon injury

-EXPLOSIVE STRENGTH PROGRAM
For developing short bursts of power without the traumatic or violent movements associated with conventional training

AND 5 ADDITIONAL PROGRAMS:

-POTENTIATION PROGRAM
Warms up muscle faster without psychological, muscular or cardiovascular fatigue.

-ACTIVE RECOVERY® PROGRAM
Facilitates relaxation of muscles and reduces muscle soreness and stiffness following competition or demanding workouts

-RECOVERY PLUS® PROGRAM
Does not contract the muscle. Helps clear lactic acid and increase blood flow at lower frequencies -perfect for muscles that are fatigued after a vigorous workout or competition..

-PRE-WARM UP PROGRAM
Does not contract the muscle. Runs at a frequency specifically targeted to increase blood flow that oxygenates the muscles prior to a workout or competition. This program is recommended if there is any risk of cramp.

-MASSAGE PROGRAM
Electrostimulation develops the blood capillary network of the exposed muscles. This improves irrigation and oxygenation.

Learn more about the Sport Elite here: https://www.compexusa.com/compex-sport-elite.html

Compex Sport Elite Kit includes: Compex Sport Elite Muscle Stimulator, Battery Charger, CD with User Manual, Electrode Placement Guidebook, Carrying Case, Easy Snap Electrode Lead wires (set of 4), 2″x4″ Easy Snap Gel Electrodes (2 packs of 2) and 2″x2″ Easy Snap Gel Electrodes (2 packs of 4)

REACH YOUR GOALS WHEN TRAINING WITH COMPEX SPORT

Cyclists – Improve Endurance
Runners – Recover Faster and Avoid Muscle Injury
Triathletes – Build Muscle and Increase Strength
Sprinters – Gain Explosive Speed and Power
Football Players – Increase Your Maximal Strength
Baseball Players – Get Quicker to Your Strength Threshold
Basketball Players – Develop Quick Reactivity and Forceful Response
Other Athletes – Enjoy all these benefits and more!

No matter what sport you are into, they all require different physical preparation to achieve peak performance: Speed, Strength, Explosive Power, Resistance, Endurance and Muscle Recovery.

The Compex electric muscle stimulation device helps you maximize your muscles effort when working out to reach 100% of your muscle fibers, including slow twitch and fast twitch muscles. Muscle stimulation trains your muscles in ways your traditional workout can’t.

Take a look at the Compex Sport Elite Muscle Stimulator here:

Compex Sport Elite Matte Black Muscle Stimulator Bundle Kit: Muscle Stim, 12 Snap Electrodes, 9 Programs, Lead Wires, Battery, Case / 4 strength, 2 warm-up, 3 recovery

  • Recommended for the competitive, high performance athlete who has a rigorous training and exercise regimen
  • With 9 programs to choose from, you can achieve peak performance and fitness with virtually no cardiovascular fatigue
  • Choose from Endurance, Resistance, Strength, Explosive Strength, Potentiation, Active Recovery, Recovery Plus, Pre-Warm Up, and Massage programs
  • Improve endurance, agility, speed and power; Enables faster recovery from muscle soreness and fatigue
  • One set of 4 Easy Snap Electrode lead wires and 2 different sizes of Easy Snap Electrodes are also included
The Compex Sport Elite Muscle Stimulator Kit is recommended for the competitive, high performance athlete who has a rigorous training and exercise regimen. It features a total of 9 programs to help competitive athletes achieve the highest level of performance. The Endurance Program helps you cope with long-duration aerobic activities and increases muscle resistance to fatigue by building slow-twitch muscle fibers. The Resistance Program is an all-around program for endurance and strength, buildi

List Price: $ 249.99 Price: $ 249.99

TENS Unit for Pain Relief

TENS units have been used for decades for the relief of pain. Many people use then for both acute (sudden) pains due to exercise as well as post-operative pain, or for chronic pains due to carpal tunnel, arthritis, tendonitis, sciatica, lower back pain and other pains.

TENS stands for Trans-cutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulator. This simply means that an electrical signal is applied to the skin which stimulates nerves near the surface of the skin.

Pain Management

TENS Unit

TENS 7000 Unit

In general, you apply the conducting pads to the skin along the area of the pain. The electrical stimulation inhibits the transmission of pain signals to the brain, preventing you from feeling pain.

When you use a TENS unit you typically have control over a number of stimulation parameters. These typically include the pulse intensity, pulse frequency, pulse duration, and pulse shape. After you apply the conducting pads to your skin you can work the controls until the pain is reduced or eliminated.

The Cochrane Collaboration published a review of TENS unit effectiveness in 2010 entitled Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for chronic pain (Review). It indicates

“TENS is generally believed to be a safe non-invasive intervention which may produce significant analgesia in many patients with moderate predictable pain associated with a range of conditions . It is used in a variety of clinical settings to treat diverse acute and chronic pain conditions, and although clinical studies of its long-term efficacy have yielded variable results, it has become popular with both patients and health professionals of different disciplines, including physiotherapists, midwives, nurses and doctors.”

A March 1997 article in The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, Control of Postoperative Pain by Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation After Thoracic Operations, found that “TENS is useful after thoracic surgical procedures only when postoperative pain is mild to moderate; it is uneffective for severe pain.”

How Does a TENS Unit Work?

Take a look at the “Pain & Injury Doctor” providing an overview of how to use a TENS device:

In this video, I demonstrate how to operate a typical TENS unit, and strategies for placing the electrodes to achieve maximum benefit.

A TENS unit (Trans-cutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulator) is a small device about the size of a deck of cards that can be used for managing sub acute or chronic pain. It works by “interfering” with pain signals to the brain, by flooding the pain-generating tissues with small, electrical currents that are thought to “compete” with the pain signals traveling to the brain, resulting in reduced perception of pain. It does not do anything to cure the inured site.

TENS units can be helpful by precluding the need for drugs that might be harmful to the user. It is also faster acting than ice and topical pain products.

Now, take a look at the TENS device in actual use for back pain relief:

Scientific Studies

About half the studies of TENS units for pain control have found they did not product statistically significant pain relief. One reason for this is that all the patients using the TENS device were given the same stimulation, which often was ineffective. It could not be varied until it was effective.

The best scientific studies are “double blind” studies in which neither the doctor/therapist nor the patient know the treatment the patient is receiving.

For example, the journal Pain reports on the study Efficacy of Electroacupuncture and TENS in the Rehabilitation of Chronic Low Back Pain Patients. In this study two TENS unit treatment types were used: one with a functioning battery and one with a dead battery. In both cases the intensity of the stimulation could not be felt by the patient.

When the assigned treatment was either TENS or TENS dead battery, the patients had the electrodes attached and were stimulated with a live battery. For both treatments, the intensity of stimulation was then reduced to the point that the patient could not feel the stimulation. At that point, the assigned battery (active or dead) was placed in the unit, and the unit was placed in a plastic case.

In other words, both TENS unit treatment protocols in this study used an intensity that could not be felt by the patients. So, in this study, it is not surprising that no significant difference was seen between the live battery and dead battery levels of pain relief.

Most studies are similar in that the treating levels cannot be adjusted by the patient until they produce results. This is probably why half the scientific studies are inconclusive.

Conclusion

TENS units are used by both professionals and by the general public to reduce the discomfort of both acute and chronic pain. They can be used in place of drugs that typically have potentially dangerous side effects.

We recommend the Tens 7000 2nd Edition with Accessories as seen in the videos on this page. It is effective and inexpensive and can be used at home whenever needed.

Is Cardio or Strength Training Better for Fat Loss?

dumbbells photo

Photo by Gov.im

Practically everyone knows that to lose weight you need to consume fewer calories. So, most people try to reduce their calorie intake and hope for the best.

And, most people add exercise to their weight loss strategy. But, which type of exercise is best for weight loss: Cardio or Resistance Training?

Exercise is a very popular way to burn calories. You see more and more gyms being built and more people than every are paying for gym memberships. Statistic Brain tells us that there are 30,500 gyms and health clubs in the United States.

cardio photo

Photo by sportsandsocial

A recent article published in the journal Obesity investigate several factors involved in weight loss.

The authors used 249 older men and women with an average age of 66.9, ranging from 60 to 79.  The participants had an average BMI of 34.4. All had a BMI greater then 28. This put nearly all of them into the obese category. They exercised for less than 1 hour per week and had symptoms of cardiovascular disease or metabolic syndrome.

The purpose of the 18 month-long study was to evaluate the effects of three weight loss strategies:

  • Calorie Restricted Weight Loss (WL) alone. The calorie restrictions were intended to produce a weight loss of 7-10% body mass over the course of the study. This group was asked not to begin an exercise program.
  • Calorie Restricted Weight Loss Plus Aerobic Training (WL+AT). In addition to calorie restrictions, this group walked four days a week for 45 minutes a day at a pace that was considered somewhat hard.
  • Calorie Restricted Weight Loss Plus Resistance Training (WL+RT). In addition to calorie restrictions, this group performed resistance training 4 days a week for 45 minutes each day. The goal in each exercise was to perform 12 repetitions in three sets for two consecutive sessions before increasing the resistance.

The Results

The good news is that all three groups lost weight. Average percentage weight losses for the groups was 6.1% for the WL group, 8.6% for the WL+AT group, and 9.7% for the WL+RT group.

And, while these results are all good, we must ask what type of body mass was lost? The choices are lean mass (muscle) or fat?

Because, pound for pound, muscle burns 10 to 20 times more calories than fat, the loss of muscle mass reduces your resting metabolism. This makes it harder to burn calories and lose weight. The loss of muscle mass also reduces your ability to perform daily activities including walking, balancing, and doing daily chores.

Weight Loss Results

Let’s look at the breakdown of muscle loss and fat loss.

Body Mass Loss Results

In this chart, the lighter bars show fat loss. The darker bars show muscle loss.

Note that those who restricted calories and exercised lost more weight than those who just restricted calories.

As you can see from this chart,  the most fat was lost from the group that both restricted calories and performed resistance training. This group also lost the least amount of muscle mass.

The most muscle mass was lost from those who both restricted calories and performed aerobic training. Their decrease in muscle mass lowered their resting metabolism and made it more difficult for them to continue to lose weight.

The important point here is that it was the type of exercise that played an important role in the amounts of muscle and fat that was lost. The calorie restriction and resistance training group lost the most fat and lost the least amount of muscle. This is the best outcome.

What This Means for You

First, the good news is that you can lose weight. Restricting calories is an important key. Even if you are older.

Second, you can lose weight while retaining as much lean muscle mass as possible by combining calorie restrictions with resistance training.

While this study was done on senior citizens, younger people can put more effort into their resistance training and lose weight faster and even build muscle mass, thus raising their metabolism.

So, what are you waiting for? Modest calories restrictions and resistance training present the optimal path to losing that excess weight.

Preventing Cancer: Are Phytochemicals the Key?

Medical News Today tells us that cancer is the second leading cause of death (right behind heart disease) in the United States.

Is there anything you can do to prevent unnecessary early death from cancer?

Yes there is.

A recent article (Health benefits of fruit and vegetables are from additive and synergistic combinations of phytochemicals) in the journal The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition tells us that phytochemicals are a key component of a healthy diet that could reduce your risk of unnecessary death.

This article tells us that a healthy diet that includes fruits, vegetables and whole grains “is a practical strategy for significantly reducing the incidence of chronic diseases.”

For example, the article tells us that a third of all cancer deaths could be avoided with an appropriate diet. And prevention is always a better strategy for staying healthy than treating a chronic disease.

More than 5000 phytochemicals have been identified in plant foods. These are biologically active non-nutrients in fruits, vegetables and grains. Many of these are antioxidant compounds that help protect your body’s cells by preventing oxidative damage. This reduces your risk of developing chronic diseases.

The Amount You Consume is Key

We all consume different amounts of fruits and vegetables. But, the journal Nutrition and Caner reports that the quarter of the population that consumed the fewest fruits and vegetables had double the risk of cancers when compared to the quarter of the population that consumed the most fruits and vegetables.

Of the types of cancers that were studied, phytonutrients helped protect people from the following cancers:

  • Lung cancer
  • Colon cancer
  • Breast cancer
  • Cervical cancer
  • Esophageal cancer
  • Cancers of the oral cavity
  • Stomach cancer
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Bladder cancer
  • Ovarian cancer

Considering that breast cancer and lung cancer are at the top of the list of all cancers, this is critical information you need to act on.

Are You Getting Enough Fruits and Vegetables?

The Journal of the American Dietetic Association reports on average, Americans consume about 3.4 servings of fruits and vegetables per day.

The Centers of Disease Control and Prevention gives some guidelines for the consumption for fruits and vegetables. They indicates that “Adults who engage in <30 minutes of moderate physical activity daily should consume 1.5–2.0 cup equivalents fruit and 2–3 cups vegetables daily."

But, the sad fact is that most Americans are not getting the recommended levels of fruits and vegetables — and thus the protective phytochemicals. They indicate:

“Overall, 13.1% of respondents met fruit intake recommendations, ranging from 7.5% in Tennessee to 17.7% in California, and 8.9% met vegetable recommendations, ranging from 5.5% in Mississippi to 13.0% in California. Substantial new efforts are needed to build consumer demand for fruits and vegetables through competitive pricing, placement, and promotion in child care, schools, grocery stores, communities, and worksites.”

So, it’s vital that you increase your consumption of fruits, vegetables and whole grains.

What About Individual Supplements?

The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition tells us that taking individual supplements is not an effective way to consume the important phytochemicals. They indicate that “taken alone, the individual antioxidants studied in clinical trials do not appear to have consistent preventive effects. The isolated pure compound either loses its bioactivity or may not behave the same way as the compound in whole foods.”

The combination of all the phytochemicals from fruits, vegetables and grains seems to be the important key to preventing many chronic diseases.

juicing photoSupplements are simply not going to supply all the nutrients, phytochemicals and fiber found in real fruits and vegetables. That’s why many people are using blenders to create vegetable and fruit smoothies to capture the most nutrition possible for their healthy diets. Check out our page about juicing and blending to see how you can get the most healthy protection against chronic diseases.