Magnesium plays important roles in the body. It is needed for enzyme activity by over 300 different biological processes. All enzymes associated with ATP require Magnesium. And, you may know that adenosine triphosphate (ATP) provides energy to all cells.
Depending on just how much magnesium in the blood is considered normal, anywhere from 4.8% to 47% of all patients in hospitals are deficient in magnesium. Up to 65% of patients in intensive care are deficient, and low levels of Magnesium are associated with a higher mortality rate.
How Much Magnesium is Required?
The daily dietary allowance for magnesium set by the National Academy of Science and the Institute of Medicine is 6 mg per kg of body mass. On average, this means about 400-420 mg per day for men and 310-320 mg per day for women.
It is estimated that between 50% and 85% of those living in the United States fail to reach these levels of magnesium intake. A major reason for this is the high consumption of refined and processed foods that are deficient in magnesium. One study, for example, showed that refining and processing wheat to white flour, rice to polished rice, and corn to starch removes from 82% to 97% of the magnesium.
What Are the Symptoms of Magnesium Deficiency?
Because magnesium is used in all energy producing systems as well as other systems, the symptoms of magnesium deficiency are widespread an varied. Here are some conditions to look for: Continue reading